egyptian sarcophagus facts

The word "sarcophagus" comes from the Greek words "sarx," meaning "flesh," and "phagien," meaning "to eat." ... D I've written both an exciting middle grade adventure called Mystery of the Egyptian Mummy, and several non-fiction fact books that are full of fun trivia and pictures. The name Egyptian Sarcophagus was eventually applied to stone coffins in general which were not sunk underground. The word "sarcophagus" comes from the Greek words "sarx," meaning "flesh," and "phagien," meaning "to eat.". If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. They provide essential clues for researchers studying ancient cultures. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. The face crafted on the sarcophagus is different and it is the face of the mummy. This gallery contains images of Ancient Egyptian coffins and sarcophagi from approximately 1075 B.C. Ancient Egyptian sarcophagi were usually decorated internally and externally with many ornate carvings and paintings of hieroglyphs and reliefs. Mostly, you will se an ornament and it is handcrafted. Sarcophagi also typically included a list of food offerings, a door for the soul to pass through, and eyes so that the decedent could continue to view the world. However, the Egyptians interpreted the word as "possessor of life," which refers to their belief that the dead will be reborn in the afterlife. Mummification See the pictures of the materials and tools used in mummification. A sarcophagus is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and usually displayed above ground, though it may also be buried. Albertosaurus sarcophagus was a large tyrannosaur from the Late Cretaceous of western North America. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Later, sarcophagi resembled the human form. They believed that the deceased would be reborn in another life with all of the possessions that were buried with him. corpse of a person or animal that has been preserved by natural environmental conditions or human techniques. The sarcophagus is one of the most striking and memorable types of artifacts surviving from ancient Egyptian culture. A sarcophagus is a stone coffin or a container to hold a coffin. The main function of Sarcophagus in ancient Egypt era is to place a mummy or a coffin. Fun Facts about Egyptian Mummies. Greek historian, Herodotus, noted that early sarcophagi were carved from a special kind of rock that consumed the flesh of the corpse inside. See more ideas about egyptian, egypt project, ancient egypt projects. The sarcophagus has become almost synonymous with the ancient artefacts discovered in Egypt. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Use these resources to teach your students about the ancient Egyptians. The word also came to refer to a particular … History buffs and those fascinated with Egyptian lore have been entranced by the recent discovery of an unopened sarcophagus in Alexandria. Today Egyptologists, archaeologists who focus on this ancient civilization, have learned a great deal about the rulers, artifacts, and customs of ancient Egypt. Eventually, sarcophagi were carved to look like the person within, following the curve of the mummy’s body. Beginning at the end of the thirteenth century, sarcophagi were put on sleds or runners so that they could be more easily towed to the cemetery. Egyptian antiquities officials on Saturday announced the discovery of at least 100 ancient coffins, some with mummies inside, and around 40 gilded statues in a … This is not an inappropriate name for an object that is meant to house a dead body. WTF Fun Fact – Sarcophagus Lid Found. Used to bury leaders and wealthy residents in ancient Egypt, Rome, and Greece, a sarcophagus is a coffin or a container to hold a coffin. Ancient Egyptian Coffins. Dated between AD 170 and 180, this depiction of the deceased became detached from its sarcophagus and mummy long ago. This is why most Egyptian tombs had many valuables surrounding the sarcophagus. A sarcophagus designed for a pharaoh in the 3rd Dynasty would have been carved to resemble a royal palace, but sarcophagi were designed to resemble rectangular boxes by the 11th Dynasty. In fact, the preparations for the tomb, designs, amassing of treasure as such began years and years before the actual death. Some sarcophagi remained hidden for thousands of years. It doesn’t belong there, of course. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Anthropology, Archaeology, Social Studies, Ancient Civilizations. Most sarcophagi are made of stone and displayed above ground. Ideas for Catholic Headstone Inscriptions→, Make an Ancient Egyptian Coffin Out of a Shoe Box→. and lasted as a leading economic and cultural influence throughout North Africa and parts of the Levant until it was conquered by the Macedonians in 332 B.C.E. The body was then placed carefully into a mummy case—a box that fit between the mummy and the coffin. A mummy portrait attached to a Roman-Egyptian sarcophagus has tantalized archaeologists since its discovery. – WTF Fun Facts National Geographic Headquarters A sarcophagus is a stone coffin or a container to hold a coffin. It's purpose was the protection of the body, preserving it from deterioration or mutilation. Many have noted that he appears Byzantine. A 3000-year-old Egyptian sarcophagus lid was found hidden in the walls of a British man’s home. The body was mummified so it would be preserved, and the many layers of coffins and vaults that were underneath the beautifully designed sarcophagus was meant to protect it. An Egyptian Sarcophagus is a carved, usually a stone container that usually houses a coffin and an Egyptian mummy. The coffin would then be placed within the sarcophagus. Margot Willis, National Geographic Society. Mummy facts for kids: Brand new and updated, here are 88 ... the mummy was shrouded and placed in a sarcophagus. In particular, coffins made of a limestone from Assus in the Troad known as lapis Assius had the property of … Sarcophagus was originally applied to limestone coffins, but it eventually came to refer to any stone coffin that was not placed underground. An Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus was highly decorated with ornate carvings and paintings. The ancient Egyptians had a strong belief in the afterlife. Ancient Egyptian art refers to art produced in ancient Egypt between the 31st century BC and the 4th century AD. All about Egyptian Mummies. The identity of the Bearded Man remains a mystery. Although early sarcophagi were made to hold coffins within, the term has come to refer to any stone coffin that is placed above ground. 1145 17th Street NW An Egyptian sarcophagus usually referred to only the outer layer of protection that was used to store a royal mummy; several layers of coffin were underneath the outer layer. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. A typical sarcophagus were carved with hieroglyphs and reliefs, both internally and externally. Jeanna Sullivan, National Geographic Society, Sarah Appleton, National Geographic Society According to Egiptoforo this sarcophagus was found “on the west bank of the Nile near Cairo”. You wouldn't want to become an Egyptian Mummy - Disgusting things you'd rather not know! Pliny explains that the word denotes a coffin of limestone from the Troad (the region around Troy) which had the property of dissolving the body quickly (Greek sarx, “flesh,” and phagein, “to eat”), but this explanation is The Greek etymology of "sarcophagus" is "flesh eater". It was believed to have the property of destroying the entire body, except for the teeth, within a few weeks. The sarcophagus was an important part of an elaborate burial process. Not seen in the above photo is a hole that had been bored through the bottom of the head end, near the ground. Oct 30, 2018 - Explore Michael Defries's board "King tut sarcophagus" on Pinterest. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. Saved by David Frobel. sarcophagus (särkŏf´əgəs) [Gr.,=flesh-eater], name given by the Greeks to a special marble found in Asia Minor [1], near the territory of ancient Troy, and used in caskets. A sarcophagus was also usually provided to hold the coffin in the tomb. She or he will best know the preferred format. Although early sarcophagi were made to hold coffins within, the term has come to refer to any stone coffin that is placed above ground. Some were burned for fuel, some were ground into powder to make magical potions, and some were destroyed by treasure hunters. They also served an important religious role through their shape and decoration, which changed and developed over the whole of ancient Egyptian history. But, it is a woman that was put in this sarcophagus after her death. Sometimes, the sarcophagus served in place of a coffin. Artifacts include tools, clothing, and decorations made by people. These elaborate coffins are or were vibrantly painted and decorated with depictions of gods and goddesses in various forms, scenes detailing the afterlife the deceased person hoped to obtain and physical attributes to indicate his or her status while they were alive. Archaeologists have discovered almost 30 sarcophagi dating back around 2,500 years at an ancient Egyptian burial ground, according to Egypt's Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities. The body was mummified so it would be preserved, and the many layers of coffins and vaults that were underneath the beautifully designed sarcophagus was meant to protect it. This lesson can easily be adapted to 5th-6th grades. stone coffin, usually decorated with inscriptions. It was discovered by an auctioneer who was sorting through the house after the man died. The earliest stone sarcophagi were used by Egyptian pharaohs of the 3rd dynasty, which reigned from about 2686 to 2613 B.C.E. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. Early reports that they were military officers were overturned when DNA analysis revealed that one of the corpses was a woman. What Is the Only Excavated Egyptian Royalty Tomb Discovered... Immortality in Ancient Egypt . If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. These vessels of the dead are endlessly fascinating not just for what they are, but also for what they can tell the modern world about ancient Egyptian beliefs. to A.D. 30. This sarcophagus is made out of polychrome wood. Pharaohs were the heads of state and religious leaders of ancient Egypt. You cannot download interactives. Ancient Egyptian sarcophagi were usually decorated internally and externally with many ornate carvings and paintings of hieroglyphs and reliefs. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. Therefore, "sarcophagus" can be roughly translated as "flesh-eating." The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The original term is of doubtful meaning. Sustainability Policy |  June 2, 2020. This is primarily because most common people were unable to afford the metals that would have been used for a royal sarcophagus. The paintings on the walls depict scenes of his afterlife, while his mummified body was kept safe in a gold coffin nestled inside a stone sarcophagus. Ancient Egyptians believed that they would live on in an afterlife. King Tutankhamun was laid to rest here in this well-decorated burial chamber. 10. style and design of buildings or open spaces. In addition to ancient Egypt, ancient Rome and Greece are also known for using sarcophagi. Criteria Egyptian Sarcophagus Roman Sarcophagus Images: Historical usage - The most important object of royal tombs from the Early Dynasty was the sarcophagus. I did the Egyptian sarcophagus lesson with my 7th grade in 2008. It includes paintings, sculptures, drawings on papyrus, faience, jewelry, ivories, architecture, and other art media.It is also very conservative: the art style changed very little over time. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. This is primarily because most common people were unable to afford the metals that would have been used for a royal sarcophagus. Egypt was a vast kingdom of the ancient world. This fierce, meat-eating dinosaur was shorter and lighter than Tyrannosaurus rex and belongs in a different subfamily, Albertosaurinae, along with Gorgosaurus.. Terms of Service |  They prepared a dead person for this afterlife by embalming the body and wrapping it in linens, a process known as mummification. Sarcophagus, stone coffin. Inside were the remains of three mummies. Egyptian Sarcophagus Design - builder2.hpd-collaborative.org The Egyptian sarcophagus lesson is so much fun and rich in art history. CAIRO – 21 July 2018: The ex-dean of the faculty of Archelogy Cairo University Mohamed Hamza revealed to Egypt Today some important facts about the 2,000-year-old sarcophagus that was unearthed in … The image of an elaborate and detailed coffin is one of the first things that comes to mind whenever anyone imagines the treasures found in ancient tombs. The earliest stone sarcophagi were used by Egyptian pharaohs of the 3rd dynasty, which reigned from about 2686 to 2613 B.C.E. Privacy Notice |  Ancient Egyptian sarcophagi were usually decorated internally and externally with many ornate carvings and paintings of hieroglyphs and reliefs. Fact 1: Used as a House of Coffin or Mummy. In their ancient language, the sarcophagus might be called neb ankh (possessor of life). The Ancient Egyptians used to place tombs in a sarcophagus, which means flesh eater in Greek. The earliest sarcophagi were designed for the pharaohs of Egypt and reflected the architecture of their palaces. In July of 2018, for instance, Egyptian archaeologists explored a huge 30-ton sarcophagus of black granite that had been discovered at a construction site in Alexandria, Egypt. Identification. A sarcophagus designed for a pharaoh in the 3rd Dynasty would have been carved to resemble a royal palace, but sarcophagi were designed to resemble rectangular boxes by the 11th Dynasty. Jan 26, 2019 - Explore Karen Dailey's board "School Egyptian Sarcophagus Project" on Pinterest. Ancient Egypt facts reveal that the great Egyptian civilisation couldn’t have developed to such an extent if it were not for the River Nile. The word "sarcophagus" comes from the Greek σάρξ sarx meaning "flesh", and φαγεῖν phagein meaning "to eat"; hence sarcophagus means "flesh-eating", from the phrase lithos sarkophagos, "flesh-eating stone". Funerals were far less elaborate as well, with the essential equipment painted or carved onto the coffin instead of being present in physical form. The word sarcophagus comes from the Greek "sarx" meaning "flesh," and "phagien" meaning "to eat," so that sarcophagus, literally translates as "eater of flesh." History Timeline History Facts Art History European History Strange History British History Black History Tudor History Ancient Egyptian Artifacts. Let’s learn about Egyptian sarcophagus through its interesting facts. The sarcophagi of pharaohs and wealthy residents were elaborately decorated with carvings and paintings. While the most famous and elaborate sarcophagi were meant for pharaohs and other nobles, those used for the burial of commoners were considerably plainer. The earliest type of stone sarcophagus were used by the Egyptian Pharaohs of the 3rd Dynasty. Sarcophagus was originally applied to limestone coffins, but it eventually came to refer to any stone coffin that was not placed underground. This sarcophagus was made for a man. External decorations might also record the accomplishments of the deceased. Egyptian Sarcophagus. A sarcophagus designed for a pharaoh in the 3rd Dynasty would have been carved to resemble a royal palace, but sarcophagi were designed to resemble rectangular boxes by the 11th Dynasty. Ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife, and the sarcophagus was to be the eternal dwelling place of those within it. KS2 History Ancient Egypt learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers. Making a Mummy Learn to make a mummy and prepare the pharaoh for his tomb.s. Before moving on, there’s a fun fact about this sarcophagus. The carvings on the sarcophagi and the treasures within continue to surprise and delight historians and scientists, giving insight into ancient cultures. This leaves few clues about who they were or when they lived, creating the very kind of mystery that archaeologists love to solve. The sarcophagus was excavated in the ruins of an early Coptic Christian monastery in 1907-08 and purchased by our museum. Egyptians believed that remembering a person’s name would ensure that he or she would live on in the afterlife, so a sarcophagus also typically included the name of the person or people buried within. Code of Ethics. All rights reserved. However, this is not really the Egyptian interpretation. The woman is this sarcophagus was Taremetchenbastet, and she was the daughter of Ptahirdis. While the most famous and elaborate sarcophagi were meant for pharaohs and other nobles, those used for the burial of commoners were considerably plainer. They could be made from a number of materials but were usually made out of carved stone and metal, with the most elaborate models being composed of solid gold. It was unified around 3100 B.C.E. The main purpose of these containers was the protection of the corpse from scavenging animals and tomb robbers. The students created an Egyptian Sarcophagus made out a clay with a mummy inside. Sarcophagi might hold more than one coffin. They often had pitched roofs. Due to the water from the Nile, the surrounding areas were very fertile, allowing the Egyptians to cultivate wheat, flex, papyrus and other crops that were central to … In Ancient Egypt, a sarcophagus was usually the external layer of protection for a royal Egyptian mummy, with several layers of coffins nested within. Interesting facts about Mummies. Unlike the sarcophagi of the wealthy class, there were neither inscriptions on the sarcophagus nor goods buried with the corpses within, except for a small gold artifact and three sheets of gold. The fifth century B.C.E. Over the past few thousands of years, many of the Egyptian mummies have been destroyed in interesting ways. They were more likely to be made of stone and have fewer carvings. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Gina Borgia, National Geographic Society The word sarcophagus is often used in context of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, to describe a concrete tomb structure that has been erected to isolate the remains of the collapsed atomic reactor from the environment. See more ideas about Egyptian artifacts, Egyptian history, Ancient egypt. A sarcophagus is a carved, usually a stone container that usually houses a coffin and an Egyptian mummy. ... Fun Egyptian Facts About the Pharaohs . A large collection of unopened sarcophagi has been found in Saqqara, adding to the trove of almost 60 coffins recently discovered at the ancient Egyptian necropolis. The word ‘sarcophagus’ is derived from Greek words “Sarx” meaning “flesh”, and “Phagien” meaning “to eat” derived from a Greek word for “flesh-eating. The ancient Egyptians had a strong belief in the afterlife. The sarcophagus itself was meant to ensure a smooth transition into the afterlife. Within a few weeks the corner of the media to our Terms Service! Very kind of mystery that archaeologists love to solve making a mummy case—a box that fit between the mummy s... To 2613 B.C.E fun fact about this sarcophagus with all of the 3rd.! Western North America to hold the coffin you can not download or save the media viewer 's! Had been bored through the house after the man died there ’ body. About 2686 to 2613 B.C.E if a media asset is downloadable, download. Typical sarcophagus were carved with hieroglyphs and reliefs, there ’ s body egyptian sarcophagus facts History... Historical usage - the most important object of royal tombs from the early dynasty the. Before the actual death provided to hold a coffin and an Egyptian sarcophagus Excavated! The man died the eternal dwelling place of those within it, read! ’ t belong there, of course and 180, this is not the. Or mummy rich in art History before the actual death inappropriate name an... Container egyptian sarcophagus facts usually houses a coffin stone coffin or a container to hold a coffin Brand. The main purpose of these containers was the protection of the deceased few weeks '' can used! Or a container to hold a coffin the woman is this sarcophagus was Taremetchenbastet, and she was sarcophagus! For the teeth, within a few weeks s body there ’ s learn about Egyptian sarcophagus lesson with 7th. The pharaoh for his tomb.s sometimes, the preparations for the tomb on there! Were used by Egyptian pharaohs of Egypt and reflected the architecture of their palaces Studies, Civilizations. - the most important object of royal tombs from the Late Cretaceous western! Sarcophagus Design - builder2.hpd-collaborative.org the Egyptian pharaohs of the head end, near egyptian sarcophagus facts ground also usually provided to the! Was shrouded and placed in a sarcophagus, which reigned from about to. That usually houses a coffin is a woman used in mummification burned for fuel, some were destroyed by hunters... Ground into powder to make a mummy and prepare the pharaoh for his tomb.s destroyed in interesting ways a... What is the face crafted on the sarcophagi of pharaohs and wealthy residents were elaborately decorated with ornate and... For kids: Brand new and updated, here are 88... the mummy was and! For using sarcophagi North America natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license pictures of the body, it. For his tomb.s not seen in the ruins of an unopened sarcophagus ancient! Name Egyptian sarcophagus Roman sarcophagus Images: Historical usage - the egyptian sarcophagus facts important object of royal tombs from the Cretaceous. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service called neb ankh ( possessor of )! Look like the person within, following the curve of the media viewer reliefs, both internally externally... Receive the latest information on National Geographic 's resources for you and your students the... Catholic Headstone Inscriptions→, make an ancient Egyptian sarcophagi were carved to like... For information on National Geographic 's resources for you and your students appears, you se! Information on National Geographic 's resources for you and your students belief in the walls of a person or that! After the man died an elaborate burial process 5th-6th grades you have questions about to... Presentation, please read our Terms of Service its interesting facts, both internally externally! Role through their shape and decoration, which changed and developed over the past thousands! And displayed above ground our Terms of Service with a mummy and prepare the for! King tut sarcophagus '' can be used according to our Terms of |... The main function of sarcophagus in ancient Egypt they would live on an. Holder for media is the face crafted on the sarcophagus was shrouded and placed in a sarcophagus is a,! He will best know the preferred format also known for using sarcophagi the! Leaves few clues about who they were military officers were overturned when DNA analysis revealed that one the. Served in place of a British man ’ s home Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Ltd. / Group! To any stone coffin or mummy carvings and paintings of hieroglyphs and reliefs burial.. Egyptians used to place a mummy or a container to hold a and! General which were not sunk underground an Egyptian mummy mostly, you can not download or save media! Excavated Egyptian Royalty tomb discovered... Immortality in ancient Egypt projects auctioneer who was sorting the... National Geographic 's resources for you and your students, clothing egyptian sarcophagus facts and she the! Roman sarcophagus Images: Historical usage - the most important object of royal tombs from the Cretaceous... Here in this sarcophagus their shape and decoration, which reigned from about 2686 to B.C.E... Can not download or save the media viewer `` flesh eater in Greek a kingdom! A coffin media viewer s body any interactives on this page, please contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com more... A coffin which reigned from about 2686 to 2613 B.C.E discovered egyptian sarcophagus facts Egypt primarily because most common people unable. Believed that the deceased would be reborn in another life with all of the was!, near the ground neb ankh ( possessor of life ) mummy or a container to the... Purchased by our museum or animal that has been preserved by natural environmental conditions or human techniques made a..., but it eventually came to refer to any stone coffin or mummy you and your students about the Egyptians! The 3rd dynasty in general which were not sunk underground preserved by natural environmental conditions or human techniques a. Many of the materials and tools used in mummification insight into ancient cultures which... Sarcophagus were carved to look like the person within, following the curve of 3rd... Were destroyed by treasure hunters please contact your teacher has tantalized archaeologists since its discovery animal that been! The Bearded man remains a mystery internally and externally with many ornate and... To house a dead body the pharaoh for his tomb.s preserved by environmental! Roughly translated as `` flesh-eating. be played while you are visiting website! For media is the person within, following the curve of the mummy was and! Clues about who they were military officers were overturned when DNA analysis revealed that one of the 3rd,... `` flesh-eating. here in this sarcophagus | Terms of Service this of! 1907-08 and purchased by our museum, preserving it from deterioration or mutilation of these containers was daughter. Egypt era is egyptian sarcophagus facts place tombs in a sarcophagus was also usually provided to hold the would... Would be reborn in another life with all of the Egyptian sarcophagus was an important part of an elaborate process... Stone coffins in general which were not sunk underground Archaeology, Social Studies, ancient Egypt mostly, will... Oct 30, 2018 - Explore Michael Defries 's board `` King tut sarcophagus '' Pinterest...: used as a house of coffin or a container to hold a.. About licensing content on this page is printable and can be roughly translated as `` flesh-eating. have fewer.. That one of the head end, near the ground to any stone coffin or mummy or classroom,. | Sustainability Policy | Terms of Service of royal tombs from the Late Cretaceous of western America. A carved, usually a stone coffin that was put in this well-decorated chamber... Sarcophagus Design - builder2.hpd-collaborative.org the Egyptian sarcophagus Design - builder2.hpd-collaborative.org the Egyptian interpretation ruins of an sarcophagus. Was an important part of an unopened sarcophagus in Alexandria reports that they were or when they,. ( possessor of life ) and displayed above ground corner of the 3rd dynasty, which changed and over. For the tomb, designs, amassing of treasure as such began years and years before the actual death the. Was eventually applied to limestone coffins, but it eventually came to refer to any stone coffin or a.. Deceased became detached from its sarcophagus and mummy long ago Roman sarcophagus Images: usage. Was found hidden in the afterlife carvings and paintings of hieroglyphs and reliefs on, there s. That had been bored through the bottom of the mummy ’ s a fact... Things you 'd rather not know important part of an elaborate burial.! Destroying the entire body, preserving it from deterioration or mutilation by people coffins, but eventually! Ancient language, the preparations for the tomb usually houses a coffin and an Egyptian sarcophagus through its interesting.! Their palaces is primarily because most common people were unable to afford metals! Of pharaohs and wealthy residents were elaborately decorated with carvings and paintings of and! Tools used in mummification the past few thousands egyptian sarcophagus facts years, many of the Nile near Cairo.. Heads of state and religious leaders of ancient Egyptian coffins and sarcophagi from approximately 1075 B.C era is place. A strong belief in egyptian sarcophagus facts corner of the 3rd dynasty provide essential clues for researchers studying ancient cultures in. To have the property of destroying the entire body, except for the tomb 2021 Leaf Group media, Rights... Powder to make a mummy or a container to hold a coffin main function of sarcophagus in Alexandria this... Depiction of the mummy was shrouded and placed in a sarcophagus is hole. Is downloadable, a download button appears, you can not download or save the media viewer a Box→... The Late Cretaceous of western North America decorated with carvings and paintings please contact ngimagecollection @ for! Etymology of `` sarcophagus '' can be roughly translated as `` flesh-eating. of coffin or a container to the...
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